Juventus Football Club S.p.A. (from Latin iuventūs, "youth"; Italian pronunciation: [juˈvɛntus]), colloquially known as Juve (pronounced [ˈjuːve]), is a professional Italian football club in Turin, Piedmont. Founded in 1897 by some Torinese students, the club has worn a black and white striped home kit since 1903 and had played home matches in different grounds around its city, being the latest the 41,507-capacity Juventus Stadium. Nicknamed Vecchia Signora ("the Old Lady"), the club is the most successful in Italian football and leads the historical Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC) ranking, having won also more trophies overall than any other club in the country: sixty-three, including a record thirty-three official league titles, a record twelve Coppa Italia titles, a record seven national supercups titles, two Intercontinental Cups, two European Champion Clubs' Cup and UEFA Champions Leagues, one European Cup Winners' Cup, three UEFA Cups, two UEFA Super Cups and one UEFA Intertoto Cup, making it also one of the most decorated clubs at international level.
Founded with the name of Sport-Club Juventus, initially as a athletics club, it is the second oldest of its kind still active in the country after Genoa's football section (1893) and has competed uninterruptedly in the top flight league (reformulated as Serie A from 1929) since its debut in 1900, with the exception of the 2006–07 season, being managed by the industrial Agnelli family almost continuously since 1923. The relationship between the club and that dynasty is the oldest and longest in national sports, making Juventus the first professional sporting club in the country, having established itself as a major force in the national stage since the 1930s and at confederation level since the mid-1970s and becoming one of the first ten wealthiest in world football in terms of value, revenue and profit since mid-1990s, being stocked in Borsa italiana since 2001.
Under the management of Giovanni Trapattoni, Juventus won thirteen trophies in the ten years before 1986, including six league titles and five international titles, and became the first club to win all three competitions organised by the Union of European Football Associations: the European Champions' Cup, Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Cup. With successive triumphs in the 1984 European Super Cup and 1985 Intercontinental Cup, it become the first and thus far only in the world to complete a clean sweep of all confederation trophies; an achievement that they revalidated with the title won in the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup after another successful era led by Marcello Lippi. In December 2000, Juventus was ranked seventh in the FIFA's historic ranking of the best clubs in the world and nine years later was ranked second best club in Europe during the 20th Century based on a statistical study series by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS), the highest for an Italian club in both.
The club's fan base is the largest at national level and one of the largest worldwide. Unlike most European sporting supporters' groups—often concentrated around their own club's city of origin—, it is widespread throughout the Apennine Peninsula and Italian diaspora, making Juventus a symbol of anticampanilismo ("Anti-parochialism") and italianità ("Italianness"). Club to have provided more players to the national team, different Juventus' players groups in the Azzurri squad led that side to international success, mostly in 1934, 1982 and 2006 FIFA World Cups.Close