Mohun Bagan Athletic Club (English pronunciation: /mohon bagan/) is a football club based in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The club was established in 1889 by Bhupendra Nath Bose and is the oldest existing football club in India. The club plays in the I-League, the top-flight domestic league of Indian football. Mohun Bagan were given the title of the National Club of India in 1989, by then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, during the club's centenary celebration and in commemoration of the club's famous victory over East Yorkshire Regiment during the 1911 IFA Shield Final, which made them the first Indian club to defeat a British club to lift the prestigious title. Though it is not an official statement by the Indian Government or its ministry of youth affair and sports, that Mohun Bagan is a National Club of India.
Mohun Bagan have won the top-tier football league in India four times, including the National Football League three times and the I-League once. They are the most successful team in the history of the Federation Cup having won the championship fourteen times. The club has also won several other accolades, including the Durand Cup (16 times), IFA Shield (22 times), and the Calcutta Football League (29 times). Till 2016, Mohun Bagan has won 248 trophies, which is highest by any Indian club.
The club contests the Kolkata Derby with long-time rivals East Bengal. The first match between the two teams was played on 8 August 1921 which ended in a goalless draw with Mohun Bagan winning the replayed match which got played on 10 August 1921 by 3–0.Close